‘General’ Category

First Aid Treatment of Burns

Burns are of various types. They are classified based on their cause as well as the depth and degree of pain, extent of damage, signs of infection ...


Burns are of various types. They are classified based on their cause as well as the depth and degree of pain, extent of damage, signs of infection and amount of swelling. Doctors take the above factors into consideration when diagnosing burns. Some burns may require immediate emergence medical attention. Burn that requires immediate emergency actions are burns resulting from electrical injuries, burns that cover significant area of the body, burn associated with physical abuse and burns associated with smoke inhalation. Sterile cloths are used to wrap all wounds. Fluids or oxygen may be given to the patients through a mask or tube. Tests may be conducted by doctors in order to determine whether or not the wounds are affected. Here are some first aid treatments to be given to a burn patient before taking the person to a hospital.


Burns are up to 4 degrees. The type of treatment to be given to burn depends on the degree of burns a patient has. Minor burns may not require any hospital visit. In fact, there are some burns that can heal on themselves without any treatment. But some degrees of burns require serious medical attention which may include surgery. Below are some treatment options for various degrees of burns.

First degree burns

First degree burn is a type of burn that affects only the outer layer of the skin. It is a minor type of burn and may not require hospital visit. Such burns can heal by themselves. However, there are some first aid treatments you can give a person that has first degree of burn in order to facilitate the process of healing and to protect the burn from becoming infected.

·         Use cool compress to cover the affected portion of the skin or run cold water on it.

·         Apply ice, butter or oil to the burn.

·         Take pain relieve medication like ibuprofen or acetaminophen to reduce swelling and relieve pain.

·         Do not apply burn care or other ointments until after a day in order to prevent the burn from swelling.

Treatment for second degree burn

There are blisters on second degree burns which affect the epidermis and dermis of the skin. When treating such a degree of burn, you should not break the blisters. Leave any clothing sticking to the skin. Attempting to remove cloth or breaking the blisters will worsen the case for the patient.  Use mild soap to clean the burn with cool water. Pour the cold water on burn for about five to ten minutes. After cleaning and pouring cold water on the wound, you can now remove the clothing that stuck to the skin. The water will soften it and thus making it not to pull on the skin. Take pain relieve or administer pain relief medication to the patient. If the patient is not being taken to the hospital because of the distance, then you have to apply honey or bacitracin ointment on the broken blisters to avoid the burn getting infected.


Treatment for third and fourth degree burn

You have to take any victim of third and fourth degree burn to the hospital for medical attention. But you can administer some first aid treatment to the person before going to the hospital. Put out the fire first if the person is still on fire. Call the emergency number. Follow the treatment option for second degree burn above. When you take the person to hospital, the doctors will do the necessary diagnosis to determine the most suitable treatment for the burn.





Preventing or Reducing the Risk of Burns


Any person can be a victim of burn regardless of your age or your profession. However, there are some people that are most vulnerable to burn. They most vulnerable to burn include children, aged, people working or handling flammable substances and products, cooks and others. Whether you think you are most vulnerable to burn or not, there are a lot of things that you should on your own in order to reduce the risk of being a victim of any type of burn. Here are what you should do to avoid being exposed to burn.

·         Installing smoke and fire alarm system in your home

A lot of fire outbreak incidences that results in burns or even death of the victims could have been prevented if the victim were to be a little more careful. Nowadays, technology of our time has made it possible for people to easily avoid incidence of fire outbreak thanks to the invention of fire alarm system and smoke detectors. These devices come with sensors that can detect fire or smoke and then blow alarm for action to be taken. You should consider installing fire alarm or smoke detector devices in your home especially if you have children or if you cook. Fire alarm system will help you to know when there is fire outbreak in your home so that you will call for emergence or for help. The smoke detector device does not detect fire but smoke. Once there is smoke which is a strong indicator of fire, the alarm system will sound for action to be taken by the owner of the house.

Some of these devices are not connected to mobile applications and can be controlled with these applications. If you have such application and you are not at home, you will get signals when there is such deadly incidence in your home.

·         Educating your children about burns and its prevention in school and at home

If you have children, you should take time to educate them about burn, its causes and what they should do when they have burn in school or at home. You should also tell them how to avoid burn.

·         Keeping all flammable products and items out of the reach of children

You should be very careful on handling volatile and flammable items including your body spray. The best thing to do is to get storage units that have good locks and store flammable items in them. Keep the keys where your children will not be able to get them. You should also make sure that your gas is properly locked and that your children will not be able to unlock it. Keep all electric devices safe and out of the reach of children. Your children may play with them while they are plugged in the electricity socket. This can lead to electric burn.

·         Have emergence exist route in your home, office, school and workplace

·         Put on flame retardant clothes

·         Say no smoking and alcohol abuse (they can give rise to burn; if you are smoking, make sure that you have your ash tray)

·         Practice fire drills

·         Give first treatment immediately when burns occur in order to reduce its severity

·         Visit  doctor for proper medical care if you have burn